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Flag used by various Islamist organisations (since the late 1990s) with the white text of the shahada on a black background. The Shahada, also transliterated as Shahadah, is an Islamic oath and creed, and one of the Five Pillars of Islam and part of the Adhan. It reads: I bear witness that there is no god but God, and I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of God.
The Shahada declares belief in the oneness (tawhid) of God and the acceptance of Muhammad as God’s messenger. Some Shias also include a statement of belief in the wilayat of Ali. A single honest recitation of the Shahada is all that is required for a person to become a Muslim according to most traditional schools.
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